May 31, 2011

Teen shoots 3 girls fight and uploads video to Facebook network


We live the oddest days. For a normal person that lives by the rules it’s difficult to make sense of some behaviors. When I was young and attending high school boys had fist fights in the space outside. Some would watch and do nothing; the old ones may try to put an end to the fight. I remember broken noses and bleeding on the cement floor. Boys will always engage on fights. Girls also had their share of grievances and vengeances. But it was another game. Violence has a number of complex factors that contribute to it. Violence at an early age is chocking. What kind of human beings are we raising? The education of children and young people is demanding. Many face hard living conditions. But my grandmother lived through the War times and she and the community where she lived endured hardship, yet, she never told me about significant tales of violence in her neighborhood. Parents delegate their responsibility in school but school cannot substitute to the role of parents. Teacher’s authority is gone. Many teachers are often disrespected and even assaulted. The society itself hasn’t a culture of nonviolence in its root. Since the event took place the television showed that video many times, a video that can be translated into half a dozen words. But spectacle is what our society enjoys. Words are not enough. To young people is no longer enough to tell the story. They share the images on mobile phones and internet. Audiences also want to consume the images as if they were addicted to them. Without a change in education there is no change in society.
This month of May a young man of 18 years filmed and posted on Facebook a video of a 13 year old being beaten by two other girls of 15 and 16 years of age before the passivity of other youngsters. They were slapping, kicking the victim's head on the floor and pulling his hair. This happened on the outskirts of Lisbon. Authorities raided the house of the alleged author of the video and seized the suspect's phone and computer. The older girl and the young man who has a criminal record are now preventively detained. Others that watched with hands down were made defendants in the process.
The Criminal Court of Lisbon decided to detain the 16 year old girl accused of assaulting. This measure was equally applied to the boy of 18 who filmed the episode. The other girl just turned 16 two days after that episode, so it’s a case to the Court of Children and Family.
It is not common to order preventive arrest to someone with 16 years for grievous bodily assault. Up to 18 years it is rare to go to jail. Youngsters must have done some serious stuff to go to jail. This measure just applies to crimes that are punished with at least five years of imprisonment.
The Head of the Lawyers (Barristers) has already questioned this measure. But others do agree with the judge that took it. There’s a big discussion going on. Some say that sometimes the arrest is used to protect the aggressor himself. The attitude of the girl during interrogatory may have led to this, just imagine that she was not sorry for what she did.
The special perversity of the aggression that included the dissemination of violent aggression over the Internet, causing social unrest and intense alarm was important for the judge to rule that way. This decision is also a warning to youth and to those who like to attack, shoot and publish videos of the deed on social networks.
In Portugal there is a law for young people between 16 and 21 years. These are subject to a Special Criminal Regime and must stay in detention centers not prisons, but these centers do not exist.
How would this situation be dealt by authorities in your country? Do you have knowledge of similar cases? (For some facts I based my post on a news article published on Público Portuguese newspaper)

May 30, 2011

WORLD NO TOBACCO DAY parents and kids activity

I know that you already have a calendar for this year. But if you have been reading my posts on Secondhand smoke and enjoyed the little Smoke Monters I have a freebie for you. Each month page of this calendar has one cute and colorful Smoke Monster. Your kids will love it.  

It will be an easy and fun WORLD NO TOBACO DAY activity for you and your kid!
Here's how to do it!

2º Print the file in your office printer using a good size A4 paper.
3º Cut it with X acto knife and ruler using the printed guides.
4º Use a CD jewel box as a stand-flip.
5º Keep all the sheets inside the CD box.
6º Avoid secondhand smoke exposure all year!



Freebie Calendar 2011

This activity was included in The Crafty Crow blog and on One Pretty Thing blog too. But I can't link to this one now, don't know what's the problem with it, both are interesting blogs for you to follow too if you enjoy DIY projects. The first is DIY for kids 3-5 years old.

May 29, 2011

Protect pets from secondhand smoke!

Secondhand smoke catching machine! mousepad

Just two more days till World No Tobacco Day! Are you going to participate in any activitynext May 31? Are you planning to quit smoking next Tuesday?

If you smoke, has your veterinary ever told you that when you light up a cigarette you can be putting your pet’s health at risk? Well, it’s true. Whether you’re pet is a cat, a dog, a rabbit or a bird your loved animal will be affected too. Pets will suffer the distress of life-threatening cancer or chronic breathing difficulties just as persons do. Surprised? I was. But I wrote the story after watching Davis reaction to secondhand smoke. Davis is my sister's shar pei dog. It seemed very unconfortable with it.

So here's the story on pets and secondhand smoke. Not a pretty one. Dogs can develop nasal and lung cancer and experience breathing and cardiac problems. Dogs are especially prone to secondhand smoke’s respiratory effects. Dogs can experience allergic reactions to secondhand smoke. How can you tell? They will scratch, bit and chew of their skin. Cigarette butts are also a danger if ingested. If eaten by a puppy can cause death. The same goes for nicotine replacement gum and patches. Cigarettes will kill a pet too if eaten. Sometimes pets may drink water that contains cigarette butts in it. This water is like poison to a pet. So keep ashtrays clean.


Cats may get oral cancer. Cats constantly lick themselves. As they groom themselves they eat toxic particles and poisons from secondhand smoke that have settled on their fur. They can also develop respiratory problems, lung inflammation, and asthma.


A bird’s respiratory system is hypersensitive to any type of pollutant in the air. Birds may develop eye problems and respiratory problems like coughing and wheezing. And heart and fertility problems too. Some birds may pull out their feathers if they get dermatitis from nicotine. I had budgets for a long time. These birds are likely to fly to our shoulder or hand. Nicotine can remain in the smokers hand for a long time and thus affecting the bird. So, if you’re a smoker do not play with your birds unless you wash your hands very well.( Do it also before petting other animals)


There are no safe levels of exposure to secondhand smoke for humans - and that goes for animals as well. If you like four-legged furry ones, well, they are just another reason for considering not to smoke or quitting. Or adopt a fish instead.

May 28, 2011

Against secondhand smoke!

Quit smoking please dry erase whiteboard
Quit smoking please dry erase whiteboard by noboringwhite
Check out other Quit Dry Erase Boards at zazzle.com
Secondhand smoke is very bad company! doodle

WORLD NO TOBACCO DAY, MAY 31
Are you celebrating it?
Smoke inhaled by smokers contains many dangerous chemicals. Secondhand smoke contains many of that same chemicals. It contains higher concentrations of many of the toxins found in cigarette smoke! The USA National Toxicology Program estimates that at least 250 chemicals in secondhand smoke are known to be toxic or carcinogenic! Secondhand smoke has been designated as a known human carcinogen (cancer-causing agent) by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, the National Toxicology Program, and the International Agency for Research on Cancer, and an occupational carcinogen by the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health. Why? It contains more than 50 cancer-causing chemicals! When nonsmokers are exposed to secondhand smoke, they inhale many of the same cancer-causing chemicals that smokers inhale. So, there are monsters in secondhand smoke. They will harm your health in many ways. Maybe you were not aware of it! You cant’ see it! I confess, I never imagine that secondhand smoke was this dangerous until I started my research on the theme!
Secondhand smoke monsters postcard

Get to know the monsters! Check this quick list!
  • Poisonous gases and chemicals:
Hydrogen cyanide -  it is used in chemical weapons
Carbon monoxide - it is found in car exhaust
Butane - it is used in lighter fluid
Ammonia - it is used in household cleaners
Toluene - you can found it paint thinners.
  • Some of the toxic metals contained in secondhand smoke:
Arsenic  - it is used in pesticides
Lead  - it was formerly found in paint
Chromium  - it's used to make steel
Cadmium  - it's used to make batteries.
  • There are more than 50 cancer-causing chemicals in secondhand smoke that fall into different chemical classes, including:
Polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) (such as Benzo[a]pyrene)
N-Nitrosamines (such as tobacco-specific nitrosamines)
Aromatic amines (such as 4-aminobiphenyl)
Aldehydes (such as formaldehyde)
Miscellaneous organic chemicals (such as benzene and vinyl chloride) and
Inorganic compounds (such as those containing metals like arsenic, beryllium, cadmium, lead, nickel and radioactive polonium-210). 
  • Eleven compounds in tobacco smoke  have been identified by the International Agency for Research on Cancer as Group 1 (known human carcinogen) carcinogens:
2-naphthylamine
4-aminobiphenyl
Benzene
Vinyl chloride
Ethylene oxide
Arsenic
Beryllium
Nickel compounds
Chromium
Cadmium and polonium-210.

May 27, 2011

How to protect yourself and your loved ones from secondhand smoke?

Quit smoking please shirt
Quit smoking please shirt by noboringwhite
Create your own personalized clothing online at zazzle.com
Secondhand smoke is not about love... postcard

The answer is simple: just avoid exposure whenever possible. The only way to fully protect yourself and your family from the dangers of secondhand smoke is through 100% smoke-free environments. Separating smokers from nonsmokers, cleaning the air, and ventilating buildings cannot completely eliminate secondhand smoke exposure.

Here's a couple of rules to protect yourself and your loved ones:
- make your home and vehicles smoke-free;
- do not allow family, friends, visitors to smoke inside your house or car;
- ask people not to smoke around you and your children;
- make sure that your children’s day care center or school is smoke-free;
- choose restaurants and other businesses that are smoke-free;
- share your knowledge on secondhand smoke;
If you smoke, ok, you have the right to do it. But keep in mind that it may endanger other persons health. Try to think of it when you are smoking. What if you live with a smoker who is not interested in quitting? Always ask the smoker to go outside the house to smoke. This will reduce secondhand smoking exposure. Smoke-free home rules also help smokers to quit and reduce the risk of adolescents becoming smokers.


Celebrate World No Tobacco Day, May 31

May 26, 2011

Secondhand smoke: why so dangerous?

Happy cars are smoke free! postcard
The smoke released from the burning end of a cigarette pipe, cigar, bidi, or kretek or that seeps from the mouthpiece of one of these products is called mainstream smoke. Sidestream smoke is the one exhaled by the smoker. Secondhand smoke it’s a mixture of both. And it’s dangerous for several reasons.
It contains many of the same chemicals that are present in the smoke inhaled by smokers. At least 250 chemicals in secondhand smoke are known to be toxic or carcinogenic (cancer causing). People’s exposure to secondhand smoke happens in homes, workplaces, vehicles, and in public areas such as restaurants, bars, bowling alleys, and casinos. In many countries to smoke in public areas it’s prohibited.
Smoke-free rules in homes and vehicles substantially reduce secondhand smoke exposure among children and nonsmoking adults, but do not totally eliminate their exposure. Harmful residues from secondhand smoke may be present in areas where no one is currently smoking. Now, this was something new to me. Never thought that secondhand smoke could presence could be so persistant. It may enter the house in the air, on dust particles, or on the smoker’s breath or clothing. Moreover heating, ventilating and air conditioning system can distribute secondhand smoke throughout a building. As today many persons live in buildings or apartments sometimes the air is shared amongst people. And so does passive smoking for households of nonsmokers. Ventilation systems cannot remove secondhand smoke from indoor environments. Conventional air cleaning systems can remove large particles in secondhand smoke, but they cannot effectively eliminate smaller particles and gases.
And as you might already know exposure to secondhand smoke is associated with an increased risk for lung cancer and heart disease in nonsmoking adults, and it increases the risk for sudden infant death syndrome, bronchitis, pneumonia, and other serious respiratory conditions in children. So we should not underestimate secondhand smoke presence.

May 24, 2011

Who loves the beach more than I do?

Today's afternoon.
Splendid weather.
Fantastic sea. Lot's of surfers. No fishermen.
Top less girls. Lazy couples. Happy children. Seagulls standing.
= Lovely beach!

GoAnimate is animation that sells. Try it for free in minutes!

Mr. Spock needs a tee-shirt! by belinhafernandes on GoAnimate

Hi Zazzlers and no  Zazzlers! I am finding  GoAnimate - Animation that sells very amusing. You can embed your videos on your blog or site, share it on your favorite social network or even Youtube.  It's a good tool to  promote your store in a different way while having some fun! Hope you enjoy it!

DIY ANIMATION with GoAnimate!
•Make your own animated video with our easy-to-use online tools

•Feature your own custom characters
•Download the video in HD format
•Purchase a commercial license package for best value
 
 "In the past, it was very difficult and time consuming to make animated cartoons. Now with GoAnimate, you can easily make animations the way your want to. There is nothing to download and there is no need to draw. You can make your own animated characters, direct your own cartoons, and watch others' creations. It's easy, fun and free. You can customize your animations with a large number of tools and features that allow you to create truly unique works of expression. "

May 23, 2011

Secondhand smoke is bad to everybody

Secondhand smoke catching machine! mousepad
All my life I was aware that many of the poisons in the cigarette smoke are absorbed into the bloodstream. After birth the baby can still get the poisons through mother’s breast milk. I was sensitive to that maybe because I am a woman and also because I have seen lots of campaigns carrying this message. So when my smoker female friends got pregnant I always tried to convince them to stop smoking as many seemed not to care that these chemicals pass from the mother into the baby’s blood. It’s too risky as the baby may be born underweight, premature or dead. It increases the risk of Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS or 'cot death') and the mother also faces a higher risk of having a miscarriage or complications during birth. It makes her feel more breathless and have less energy. Babies of mothers who smoke are more likely to die in the first year of life. If they survive, they have a greater risk of lung infections as well as poor physical and mental development. But I must confess that I never cared about the fact that the smoke that a pregnant woman breathes in from her companion or husband’s cigarettes can affect their unborn child! I never thought of it! This really strikes only when I started my research for the little book. I consider myself more or less informed but that was a surprise. Of course that I was aware that passive smokers that breathe in smoke from another person’s cigarette suffer the same health risks as smokers - irritation to the eyes, runny nose, sore throat and headache. I had that experience myself. I always worked with smokers. They did not care a bit about my health. Fortunately I did not suffer from asthma, bronchitis, allergies or anything. Passive smoke can bring severe attacks on people who suffer from these diseases or even heart disease. I did not seem to care about my health either as I never questioned their right to smoke in work reunions. Today I would be pretty upset if they smoked in the same room for hours and hours. I know now that if I continue to breathe in other people’s smoke, I will have a higher chance of developing lung cancer, heart attack or lung infection. But strangely I never thought that both parents need to give up smoking early in pregnancy if they want to reduce the risk of their baby being affected. Most health campaigns that I have seen all my life focused only on the mother to be, not the father. And it was only very recently that I saw a campaign on secondhand smoke harmful effects for children, I think maybe four years ago. So I learned that passive smoking is dangerous to unborn children, babies and children in general, women, men, everybody. As I read more and more I was more surprised with what I found.

Celebrate World No Tobacco Day, 31 May


What's your opinion about Portuguese music in English language?

Some like it, others don't. If we have a mother tongue, why should we go and sing in a language that is not ours? So that our songs have more acceptance abroad? It's just a market strategie? But if we think about it for a second we'll see the most successful Portuguese singers abroad - like Mariza - sing in Portuguese not in English. I have no CDs of Portuguese artists singing in English. I do not think they are better or worse than their foreign counterparts. I don't like it that much. I am also very picky when buying songs in Portuguese. But I have my favorites. The Portuguese are so used to consume songs in English that no one seemed surprised when the Portuguese Football Federation chose a song by Black Eyed Peas - I gotta a feeling - for the anthem National Football Team in the World Cup in South Africa...!! So today I bring you three Portuguese ladies that prefer to sing in English: Luisa Sobral, Áurea and Rita Red Shoes. Have a good week!= Tenham uma boa semana!

May 21, 2011

Smoking prevention strategies and children

Secondhand smoke's bad company! postcard

Less than 10 days to World No Tobacco Day, May 31! So bear with me, here's another post on smoking & kids. There are persons, professionals, who are in a special position that grants them the privilege to act and to speak and be heard because they have authority. This is true for parents whether smokers or non-smokers and siblings, for teachers, doctors and medical personnel, especially pediatricians and obstetricians, social and youth workers and caregivers. But anyone can try to prevent children from smoking. Let’s see how prevention strategies work.
Secondhand smoke can break your heart... keychain

A prevention program, an action you promote in school or anywhere, or whatever you do, a mere friendly conversation, a letter or email that you write to a child, must be able to influence the attitude, the belief of that child. You can begin by emphasizing the benefits of not smoking and the disadvantages of smoking. Provide information on the short-term smoking effects because children do not consider the long-term consequences. Think that if the child has friends that smoke they will try to minimize the risk of it. So build your case! They will try to point out the advantages of that behavior very strongly when confronted. The child must be made aware that those benefits are false.
Bad company Blue button

Most people think that cigarettes will harm their health only in a far future. But this is not entirely correct and you must be aware of it. When smoking a cigarette the nicotine will speed up the child’s heart rate, raise her blood pressure and disturb the flow of blood and air into the lungs. This will happen within a few minutes of smoking just one cigarette. As a result a child who smokes will feel more tired than one that does not smoke.
Nicotine will also paralyze the tiny hairs in the lung passages. These hairs help to clean dirt and germs out. If they are down then child will start to cough, will develop a sore throat and runny nose. Probably she will get colds more often as the protection against germs will be less. The carbon monoxide in the smoke lowers the amount of oxygen carried in the blood to the rest of the child’s body, including the heart and the brain. A child who smokes has less endurance when running and playing sports and won’t be as fit as another one who doesn’t smoke. Finally, tar and cancer-causing substances are deposited in child airways and lungs.

Cute Monster Grey! keychain

Cigarettes smoke have plenty of toxic and poison chemicals. In a word or two: the child will feel and be sick. One day she will spent time going to a doctor instead of going out to play football. Then she will have to take medicines. Eventually she will miss school, she will stay indoors so she can be treated. She will not be able to go out with her healthy friends to party. This will be an unpleasant routine for the child and will be happening in the present not in the future.

Smoking cigarettes deadens the nerve-endings for smell and taste. It’s not good if one who smokes cannot smell or taste as well as a non smoker. Smoking stains teeth with in a yellowish color and gives bad breath. Also leaves an unpleasant smell in clothes. So there goes the child’s allowance in mint chewing gum and spray. Smoking is expensive and if a child gets hooked on nicotine she will have to spend more money on it and less on Mp3 download or movie or football tickets or cool t-shirts or whatever she likes and saves money for.

As far as developing a subjective norm unfavorable to smoking point out that most people in the building where you live, neighborhood, village, city, world… do not smoke. Movies, TV and tobacco industry advertise created a false notion that smoking is cool and OK and quite common. Not necessarily so. Many persons find smoking an unpleasant, expensive, filthy and unhealthy habit. Many disapprove it. Many of these people are famous people from the world of sports, movies, music and politics. Probably you have dear friends that don’t smoke. Many people are trying to give up smoking every day. Why? They realized it's dangerous. Smokers influence non-smokers and it’s easy for these to feel that saying no to smoke can be awkward as it may be seen as an implicit criticism. Smokers tend to minimize smoking risks and often talk with great conviction about their capacity of breaking free the minute they want to. Truth is very different.

Smoke Free House sticker

Some challenging situations that a child might endure must be discussed before taking place. The child must be taught to say no when confronted with a cigarette trial offering that comes from a friend she looks up to. She must have the notion that if she’s facing any sort of difficulty at school a cigar will not help. It will not solve it and it certainly not relaxes her better than a swim in the pool or a movie or a long walk in the park or a football match. A cigar is not a fashion acessory. It simply does not ad anything what so ever to one's image.

Law prohibits the sale of tobacco to underage. It’s illegal. For some children the possibility of being fined as they try to buy tobacco is real. What will they do then? Steal? At last, cigarette smoke pollutes the air people breath and chemicals in it are toxic and poisonous to everybody, babies, children, women, men, even pets. It isn’t good for the planet either because paper is needed to make the cigars and cigar boxes. Smoking is not a green thing to do.
Finally you can use techniques of commitment. It can be done just in the family circle. Let the child explain why she considers that smoking is a bad choice. As a consequence she commits herself not to smoke in front of an audience. Other idea is to put in writing a sort of a contract between you and the child you’re addressing. That will reinforce her behavior.

Source for main facts: Bases científicas para a prevenção do consumo de tabaco na escola, José Precioso and Manuel Macedo, Instituto de Educação e Psicologia, Universidade do Minho, Braga, Portugal

May 20, 2011

New customizable Doodle speakers from Zazzle

It has been a while since my last product showcase. This one is special. Zazzle has a new product: MUSIC SPEAKERS! The world's first customizable speaker is now on Zazzle! Perfect for travel, parties, or just a day at the beach, ultra-portable and ultra-fun for everyone.This is an awesome gadget that makes your music look as good as it sounds!


These are some of my favorite designs! Take a look!
Old TV doodle
Old TV by robby1982
Buy portable mp3 speakers online at Zazzle
Pink Orange Floral Custom Photo Doodle Speakers doodle

Mount Rockmore Doodle Speakers doodle

Funky Music Band Design doodle

The trip, a short Portuguese movie at Cannes Festival 2011

Anthony (Orlando Costa) spends the day in the tavern. Mary (Maragarida Carpinteiro) spends the hours knitting and watching television. But one day Anthony suffers a sudden heart attack which he survives. That will make  him question his life around and return the love for the woman with whom he lived for years but scarcely know. Without thinking twice he gets both savings to rent a convertible to go on holiday with his wife. Only Antonio forgets the map. And from there things start to go wrong to the point where the couple finds himself lost in the woods at night not knowing where to go ...

Section Cinéfondation is known for discovering and disseminating new talents of international cinema from schools and universities around the world. The Cinéfondation jury, headed by Michel Gondry, will announce the three Cinéfondation prizes on May 20.

Of nearly 1,600 submitted entries originating from 360 film schools, the short film A Viagem - The trip written and directed by Simão Cayatte 26 year old Portuguese director was chosen to be among the 16 in competition. It will be screened today at Cannes Festival. A viagem was inspired by a short story by Sophia de Mello Breyner Andresen.The 64th Festival de Cannes runs from May 11 – May 22. Read all the details about it Cayatte's movie, here.

How do children start smoking?


Science has studied and provided several models to understand children smoking behavior. If we want to do something to prevent kids from smoking we must have some idea on how it works. Explaining human behavior isn’t easy as it depends on many factors. One model has identified four to five stages until the child becomes dependent smoker. There are social and psychological risks that are critical to the child’s smoking behavior.
Smoke free house! magnet

The first stage is called Preparation. In this stage a child forms positive attitudes and beliefs about smoking. When a child grows up she will look up to what the mother and father, sister or brother do at home. They are her closest model.We learn by example from others. If they smoke it’s easier for the child to assume that's a natural habit. But some kids whose parents do not smoke will start smoking just the same. Maybe they're curious. Or because the idea of doing something grownups don't want them to do is appealing to them. Other kids will just be imitating adults behavior because they want to act or look like an adult. Other such as peers, actors and pop stars can lead child to emulate their behaviour and try smoking.
Happy Cars are Smoke Free sticker

At a second stage, the child will make a first try. So this stage is called Trial. In the story I wrote - yes, I created a little book about smoking prevention - the curious boy, is desperate to try a cigar. He will not give up until he does it although parents told him that cigar smoking is dangerous. I created a lot of drama around this episode because in my opinion it is very important that a child does not make this one try. The nicotine has immediate effect on the brain so the child can keep smoking to get that reward. But can be a terrible experience. In fact, the first cigarette I smoked wasn’t a good experience. Probably a child will cough a lot and feel pain or burning in the throat and lungs. Some will feel sick to their stomachs or even throw up. But organisms respond differently and individual’s motivations and evaluations are a mystery. One will never know if that experience will determine the abandon of cigarettes or if it will fuel the child’s will to go on trying. I must say I did not give cigarettes up after that first one. I gave it some more tries.
Secondhand smoke can break your heart... magnet

So, after the first trial the child will start to smoke sporadic cigarettes. This stage is called Experimentation. Now and then the child will smoke a cigar or two. At this stage the influence of the group of friends is determinant. Smoking can play an important role in friendships. It can create a bond between smokers. If the child has friends who smoke probably they will not discourage the child to quit and she will feel a pressure to keep the habit as to break free might be considered criticism. The kind of environment surrounding the child is also important. Television shows and films have built up positive images about smoking along many years. Advertising promoted smoking and made positive associations between cigarettes and brands. Or if there are no rules against smoking in the private or public space the child circulates or if information on smoking dangers is sparse or inexistent in school or other institutions. At last if the child has access to cigarettes easily. These are the risk factors.If a child smokes a cigarette per week she has reached the fourth stage. This stage is called Habituation. Generally if a child is on regular consumption one must expect that she has friends that smoke too. That group of friends approves smoking behavior. On the other hand, this child has low ability to refuse a cigar. She perceives that smoking is good to her somehow. It gives her social status, it relaxes her, helps her dealing with stress, fears, it goes along with her image whatever. If she lives in an environment where smoking is not restricted or if in school there is tolerance to smoking behavior and lack of information and campaigns on smoking dangers, these are risk factors.
Cute Monster Red magnet

 When this child enters the fifth stage she is dependent on consumption. This stage is called Maintenance. The child is hooked to tobacco because it has nicotine. This substance causes addiction, both of body and mind. She stops and she'll get withdrawal symptoms like irritability, snappiness, lack of concentration. So the child smokes another cigarette. But nicotine also causes tolerance and that’s why she will need to increase the amount of cigarettes to get the same effect. It’s easy for one to be addicted and it’s hard to give it up as it causes on giving up smoking. It also causes a social dependence as the child or youngster will create a bond to the group of smokers. By this stage smoking will be associated with other activities like going out. The child is conditioned so when she thinks of going out she needs to have a cigarette.If you try to quit you'll be punished
Cute Monster Yellow sticker

Another model is called The theory of rational action.The child’s intention to smoke is determined both by attitude and subjective norm. Attitude: it represents the sentiment (positive or negative) for a behavior, for example, smoking is bad. The attitude is influenced by child's beliefs about the consequences of this behavior: favorable or unfavorable. The subjective norm: is the child’s perception of whether most people who are important to her think that she should or should not smoke. This norm measures the degree of social pressure to perform or not this behavior.
Cute Monster Blue magnet

The conclusion is that children are more likely to smoke when they have a favorable attitude towards their achievement. And when there is support for their achievement by people children consider important. A child smoker has a positive attitude about the act of smoking. A child that does not smoke doesn’t. She has also has a more negative subjective norm regarding smoking regularly due to parents, siblings, doctors, teachers that are non-smokers. According to this model promoting positive attitudes towards non-smoking and the development of a subjective norm unfavorable to smoking has a preventive effect on tobacco consumption.


Source for scientific facts: Bases científicas para a prevenção do consumo de tabaco na escola, José Precioso and Manuel Macedo, Instituto de Educação e Psicologia, Universidade do Minho, Braga, Portugal


WORLD NO TOBACCO DAY, MAY 31

May 19, 2011

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